EverythingYou Always Wanted to Know
About Grammar ButWere Afraid to Ask
1. Use FEWER and MANY todescribe nouns that can be counted;
use LESS andMUCH for nouns that can't be counted.
Ex.: fewerapples, many apples less water, much water
WARNING: NEVER SAY YOU HAVE LESS APPLES OR FEWERMONEY!
2. Watch the way you modifyadjectives.
Follow these rules:
| COMPARATIVE |
| SUPERLATIVE |
One syllable words
| cold || colder || coldest |
Three or more
| fortunate || more fortunate || most fortunate |
Two syllable words
may follow either
| pretty |
| prettier |
| prettiest |
WARNING: NEVER USEBOTH RULES AT THE SAME TIME;
NEVER SAY MOST PRETTIEST!
3. Pronouns take the place ofnouns so that sentences will not become repetitious.
They fit intothree categories, based on what they do in a sentence.
SUBJECTIVECASE (I, he, she, who) Use this casewhen:
A. Theword is a subject of a clause or sentence (He went tothe store. Who went?)
B. Theword follows a form of be, such as was or were. (It wasshe.)
OBJECTIVECASE (me, him, her, whom) Use this case when:
A. Theword follows a preposition. (This is for him. He waswith her. It was for whom?)
POSSESSIVECASE (my, his, hers, ours, theirs, its) Use this casewhen the word shows
WARNING: NOT ONE OF THESEWORDS HAS AN APOSTROPHE!
4. DO NOT USE AN ADJECTIVEWHEN YOU SHOULD USE AN ADVERB!
AnADJECTIVE answers the question - What kind of? It tells youmore about nouns
&pronouns and what they are like. Examples:
The dancewas GOOD. The car was QUICK.
AnADVERB answers - How? When? Where? To whatdegree? It tells you more about
verbs,adjectives, or other adverbs. Examples:
The carran WELL. The time went QUICKLY.
WARNING: NEVER SAY THAT THE CAR RUNS GOOD!
USE AN ADVERB TO DESCRIBE HOW IT RUNS. USEWELL.
5. WATCH ALL OF THEFOLLOWING!
Rise meansto go up; raise means to force upwards. The moon willrise. You raise the curtain.
Lie meansto recline; lay means to put or place. You tell a dog to liedown. You lay the book down.
Thenrefers to time; than is used in a comparison.
Bringmeans to come carrying something; take means to go carryingsomething.
Whose is apossessive pronoun; who's is a contraction for who is.
Itsis a possessive pronoun; it's is a contraction for it is. Your is possessive. You're is a contraction.
Alot isNOT a word; use a lot
NEVER SAYSHOULD OF OR COULD OF! SAY SHOULD HAVE OR COULD HAVE!
6. Don't misuse commas. Think of a comma as a road sign. If there is one comma in asentence,
you are beingtold to slow down. If there is a phrase surrounded by commason both sides,
as in anappositive phrase, this is a warning that the writer is taking ashort detour. Usually such
a detour can bedeleted from the sentence and it will still makesense. Use a semicolon when it
separates mainclauses that could stand alone as complete sentences. Asemicolon and a period are
stop signs inwriting.
7. Always spell these demonwords correctly!
among, breathe,chose, choose, conscience, deceive, truly, receive, separate,loose, lose, tyranny,
villain, poison,grammar, foreign, proceed, license, recommend, privilege, tragedy,definitely,
8. Watch use ofapostrophes. Remember that to make a singular nounpossessive, add an apostrophe
followedby an s. (a girl's dress, Tom's car) To make a pluralnoun possessive, FIRST make the
wordplural. Then, if the word ends in an s simply add anapostrophe after that. If the plural word
does notend in an s, then add an apostrophe followed by an s. (girls' dresses, children's toys)